Astete is a Spanish surname, from an ancient basque - castilian lineage. The etymology of "Astete" comes from the Basque language: "Aste" possibly a variation of "Arte" means oak, and "ete" is a suffix to nearby location. The most probable original locations, prior to the 16th century, are the regions of ancient basque influence of the medieval Castile (such as La Bureba and the mountains of Burgos) and modern La Rioja. The earliest official records of Astetes occur in La Rioja, in Santo Domingo de la Calzada, at the province of Valladolid and province of Burgos in Quintanaélez. They were "hidalgos" and had "casas solariegas" (ancient family seat) in Quintanaélez (Burgos), Valladolid and Salamanca. They went to America for the first time in the 16th century. Today they are mainly in Peru (the oldest branch), Chile, Bolivia, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and USA. In Spain the surname is very rare nowadays, most Spanish Astete down from the branch that settled in Seville, Zahara de la Sierra and Grazalema (between the 17th and 18th centuries) and live in the province of Cádiz in Andalusia. The variant "Estete" is possibly from La Rioja, but occurred sporadically or as a result of spelling mistake in other Spanish provinces.
People with historical significance
Pedro Astete - mayor of the town of Barcial de la Loma and holder of the local fortress, in 1521 he was involved in the Revolt of the Comuneros against the Royal authority in Castille. Possibly, the "Hidalgos" Astete de Ulloa from Quintanaélez are his descendants.
Gaspar Astete (Coca de Alba 1537 - Burgos 1601) - Jesuit theologian, his most famous book Catecismo de la Doctrina Cristiana had thousands of editions and is the most widely known religious book in Spanish language.
Juan Astete de Monroy (Valladolid 1599 - Spanish Netherlands?) Spanish military, Hidalgo of the wealthy Valladolid's family branch, Knight of Santiago's Order, poet and Lope de Vega's friend. He was an infantry captain of the famous Spanish Tercios at the Thirty Years' War, and fought in the Battle of Rocroi (1643). He was possibly killed in action in Flanders.
Pablo Astete Military of the viceroyalty of Peru, was colonel of the royalist army. He was a personal friend to Túpac Amaru II however, as a royalist officer, fought against him during his rebellion (1781). As a battalion commander, fought in the battle of Huaqui (1811), a significant victory for the royalists against the Argentine independentists, and was defeated in Tucumán and Salta a few years later.
Domingo Luis Astete - Military and Lawyer of the viceroyalty of Peru, was battalion commander, like his brother, in Huaqui, Tucuman and Salta. In 1814 he participated in the interim governing board of Cuzco, in the insurgence of the Brigadier Mateo Garcia Pumacahua and the Angulo brothers, nevertheless he was soon harassed because of his aristocratic origin and left the movement.
Luis Germán Astete - (Lima 1832 - Huamachuco 1883) Peruvian military and politician, Captain of the Peruvian Navy, in 1877 took command of the monitor Huáscar and fought two British warships in the episode known as the Pacocha Incident. He participated in the War of the Pacific and, after the defeat of the Peruvian navy, joined the army under General Andrés Avelino Cáceres. In the Battle of Huamachuco he was the commander of the 4th army division and was killed in action.
Alejandro Velasco Astete - Peruvian military and aviator (Cuzco 1897 - Puno 1925), he was the first to flight over the Andes by plane (1925), taking off from Lima and landing at Cuzco. He died during the return trip in a plane crash in Puno.
Martin Estete - Spanish military and "conquistador" (Santo Domingo de la Calzada? - Lima, around 1537), came to the "indias" with Diego de Nicuesa's expedition in 1510, and because of that is considered the first person of his surname to came to Americas. He received his first official appointment in 1521 in Panama and, as the "right hand man" of governor Pedro Arias Dávila, carried out explorations and military missions in Panama and Nicaragua . He was one of the founders of Trujillo, sub-governor and charged with charting the urban layout of the city.
Miguel Estete - Spanish military and conquistador (Santo Domingo de la Calzada 1495 - Ayacucho about 1572), took part in the conquest of the Inca empire in all major events, including the capture of its last emperor, Atahualpa (1532). He saw the founding of San Miguel de Piura, choose the location for Trujillo and was among the first residents at Huamanga (nowadays known as Ayacucho). During the conflict between the conquistadores (1535–1541), stood beside Diego de Almagro and Hernando de Soto against Pizarro and his brothers. He was the author of a famous chronicle of the conquest in which he described all happenings occurred till the capture of Cuzco.
Miguel Astete - Local politician ("Alcalde ordinario") from Santo Domingo de la Calzada in the 15th century Kingdom of Castille, is the earliest person with Astete surname found on official records (1466) and the first assigneg to a political office.
Bartolomé Astete de Ulloa - Spanish hidalgo from Quintanaélez (Miraveche 1578 - Lima around 1662), official genearch of the "Astete family" in Americas, military of the viceroyalty of Peru, miner and factor of the Potosí silver mines. He was Corregidor of Charcas and accountant of the royal treasury in Lima.
Manuel de Arce Otalora y Astete - Spanish magistrate (Oviedo 1644 - Valladolid? around 1706), nephew of Don Juan Astete Monroy, was Knight of Santiago, criminal judge in Valladolid, corregidor of Guipúzcoa (1678 a 1682) and counselor of the Crown of Castile (1690 a 1705).
Domingo Astete y Mercado - Lawyer of the viceroyalty of Peru (18th century), aristocrat from Lima, he was the patriarch of the Astete clan of Cuzco and father of Colonels Pablo and Domingo Luis (quoted in the section above)
Pedro Astete - Peruvian politician (19th century), grandson of the patriarch Don Domingo Astete from Cuzco, he was provincial deputy and diplomat 
Luis Astete y Concha - Peruvian painter (Lima 1866 - Lima 1914), portrayed many eminent people and politicians of the Peruvian society at his time.
Santiago Astete Chocano - Peruvian linguist (Cuzco ? - Lima 1975), was the main founder of the Quechua Language Academy in Cusco, in the 50's, and created a translation method from Quechua to Spanish still widelly used. He published articles and books about Quechua language and its grammar like "El lenguaje de los qeshuas hablado por el poblador del Ande peruano" (1959).
The documents found for reference are only in spanish
- Archives of the Ministry of Culture of Spain: search for "Astete" in simple or advanced search ("busqueda sencilla" or "avanzada"), especially refers to the files of the "Real Audiencia y Chancilleria de Valladolid", the "Concejo de Órdenes" in the unit "Archivo Historico Nacional" and the Casa de Contratación in the unit "Archivo General de Indias" 
- Colección diplomática calceatense: Archivo municipal, años 1207-1498 Eliseo Sáinz Ripa, Catedral (Santo Domingo de la Calzada - España) Instituto de estudios riojanos, 1989, page 53
- Archives of the Ministry of Culture of Spain: search for "Gracian Astete "or" Garcian Astete "in simple or advanced search ("busqueda sencilla" or "avanzada") in the archives of the Real Audiencia y Chancilleria de Valladolid 
- Diccionario Heráldico y Genealógico de Apellidos Españoles y Americanos, by Alberto y Arturo García Carrafa. Volume 10, Page 174.
- Diccionario Hispanoamericano de Heráldica, by Endika de Mogrobejo. Volume VII, Pages 364 y 365
- National Statistics Institute of Spain 
- "El movimiento comunero en los pueblos de Tierra de Campos", Luis Fernández Martín - Centro de Estudios e Investigación San Isidoro, 1979, page 333 and 335. 
- Father Gaspar Astete in Nomos
- Archives of the Ministry of Culture of Spain: search for "Juan Astete Monroy" in simple or advanced search ("busqueda sencilla" or "avanzada"), see "Consejo de Ordenes" in the unit "Archivo Historico Nacional" 
- Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes: Sonetos a Lope de Vega. Siglos XVI a XX, por Ramón García González - pag 10 Juan de Astete Monroy's "A la Muerte de Lope de Vega" 
- Quoted as "Don Juan Monroy" in "Colección de Documentos Inéditos para la Historia de España por El Marqués de la Fuensanta del Valle", D. José Sancho Rayón y Francisco de Zabaibury. Vol LXXV, Pages 443, 535 y 542 MADRID Imprenta de Miguel Ginesta 1880 (public domain, available for download in PDF) 
- Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes: Diccionario Histórico-Bibliográfico del Perú, por Manuel Mendiburu, Tomo I, pg 376 - 378 
- Captain Germán Astete in the Peruvian Navy site, choose "A" in the alphabetical list 
- Archives of the Ministry of Culture of Spain: search for "Martin Estete" in "búsqueda sencilla" or "avanzada", see "Recomendación de Martín Estete" and "Regimiento de Panamá a Gonzalo de Badajoz" inside the unit Audiencia de Panamá in Archivo General de Indias and the "Real Cédula" of 1537 in the unit Indiferente General 
- Archives of the Ministry of Culture of Spain: search for "Miguel Estete" in "búsqueda sencilla" or "avanzada", see specially "Descubrimiento Y Población del Peru" in the unit "Patronato" of Archivo General de Indias; 
- Archives of the Ministry of Culture of Spain: search for "Bartolomé Astete" in "búsqueda sencilla" or "avanzada", especially consult the archives in Casa de Contratación inside Archivo General de Indias 
- Archives of the Ministry of Culture of Spain: search for "Andrés Astete y Zárate" in "búsqueda sencilla" or "avanzada", consult Consejo de Ordenes inside Archivo Historico Nacional 
- Colección de leyes, decretos y órdenes publicadas en el Perú desde el año de 1821 hasta 31 de diciembre de 1859 , Felipe Bailly (editor) Lima 1860 - pages 183 and 235