A1 (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
|Length:||47 km (29 mi)|
|Regions:||Sarajevo Canton, Zenica-Doboj Canton|
The A1 motorway is a motorway in Bosnia and Herzegovina that is part of the Corridor Vc and, together with two Croatian motorways (A10 and A5) and the Hungarian M6, will provide a modern and fast road connection from Budapest to Ploče, an important seaport on the Adriatic Sea. The motorway will connect the capital Sarajevo with important cities (such as Mostar and Zenica); it will also be the main way to reach Bosnia and Herzegovina, both from the sea and Central Europe.
By 2013, the completed section stretches from Sarajevo to Kakanj, while the sections Kakanj-Zenica, Josanica-Tarcin, Bijaca-Pocitelj and Svilaj-Odzak is currently under construction. By april 2013 53km is completed while 64km is under construction.
The hardest section to project and build will be the Sarajevo-Mostar, which will need viaducts and tunnels in order to cross the Dinaric Alps.
There is one toll barrier in Josanica (4.80 KM).
In Bosnia and Herzegovina the E73/A1 passes near the following cities:
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Corridor Vc highway is one of the most significant and project of the highest priority. The construction works on the road have already begun, but intensified beginning of the construction will be a key starter of economic and social activities, and will enable Bosnia and Herzegovina to be connected to main European traffic network, as well as to global European economic and social structure.
Construction of the highway, whose total length is 340 km, will provide: rational connecting to neighboring countries and regions; stabilizing and developing effects will be reached; transport conditions and quality of life improvement; economy competitiveness enhancement; new projects launched and national and international private investments enhancement
The transport Corridor Vc through Bosnia and Herzegovina includes:
- E-road E 73 Šamac-Doboj-Sarajevo-Mostar-Čapljina-Doljani, with exit to the Adriatic Sea in the Port of Ploče.
- The railway Šamac-Doboj-Sarajevo-Mostar-Čapljina-Metković.
- Sarajevo and Mostar Airports.
- Waterways and quays on the Sava, Bosna and Neretva Rivers.
Transport Master Plan
Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) funded provision of Transport Master Plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina (March 2001), which represents the first document in afterwar period at this level in transport area, and it was used as basis for many other studies and decisions, even for provision of Planning and Study Documentation for the Highway along the Corridor Vc.
This Study provided priority transport corridors in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which were afterwards confirmed by subsequent studies, to a great extent. At the same time, this Study defined main goals in transport sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as Development Scenario by 2020. Development Scenario includes three phases:
- Phase 1 (short-term): 2000-2005 – Rehabilitation & Stabilization
- Phase 2 (medium-term): 2006-2010 – Full functionalization & Modernization
- Phase 3 (long-term): 2011-2020 – Structuring & Progress
Length of the Corridor Vc highway, from the North to the South divided by sections:
- Section 1: The Sava Svilaja River (connection Corridor X) - Doboj (South)
- 64 km
- Section 2: Doboj (South) - Sarajevo South (Tarčin)
- 150 km
- Section 3: Sarajevo South (Tarčin) - Mostar (North)
- 58 km
- Section 4: Mostar (North) - Republic of Croatia Border
- 68 km
- Total: 340 km
- 68 km