|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||102.17 g mol−1|
|Density||813.6 mg cm−3|
-53--41 °C, 220-232 K, -64--42 °F
155-159 °C, 428-432 K, 311-318 °F
|Solubility in water||5.9 g dm−3 (at 20 ºC)|
|Vapor pressure||100 Pa (at 25.6 ºC)|
|Refractive index (nD)||1.4178 (at 20 ºC)|
|Std enthalpy of
|−377.5 kJ mol−1|
|Std enthalpy of
|−3.98437 MJ mol−1|
|287.4 J K−1 mol−1|
|Specific heat capacity, C||243.2 J K−1 mol−1|
|GHS signal word||WARNING|
|GHS hazard statements||H302|
|Flash point||59 °C|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
1-Hexanol is an organic alcohol with a six-carbon chain and a condensed structural formula of CH3(CH2)5OH. This colorless liquid is slightly soluble in water, but miscible with ether and ethanol. Two additional straight chain isomers of 1-hexanol, 2-hexanol and 3-hexanol, exist, both of which differing by the location of the hydroxyl group. Many isomeric alcohols have the formula C6H13OH. It is used in the perfume industry.
- Al(C2H5)3 + 6C2H4 → Al(C6H13)3
- Al(C6H13)3 + 1½O2 + 3H2O → 3HOC6H13 + Al(OH)3
The process generates a range of oligomers that are separated by distillation.
Another method of preparation entails hydroformylation of 1-pentene followed by hydrogenation of the resulting aldehydes. This method is practiced in industry to produce mixtures of isomeric C6-alcohols, which are precursors to plasticizers.
This method is instructive and useful in laboratory synthesis but of no practical relevance because of the commercial availability of inexpensive 1-hexanol from ethylene.
Occurrence in Nature
Cis-3-Hexenal, another volatile organic carbon biomolecule, is also considered responsible for the freshly mowed grass flavor.
- "1-hexanol - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
- Falbe, Jürgen; Bahrmann, Helmut; Lipps, Wolfgang; Mayer, Dieter (2005), "Alcohols, Aliphatic", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, doi:10.1002/14356007.a01_279.