Ê, ê (e-circumflex) is a letter in the Friulan, Kurdish, Gagauz and Vietnamese languages. The letter also appears in Afrikaans, French, Portuguese, Welsh, and Albanian dialects as a variant of the letter "e", as well as being used in certain Chinese and Ukrainian transliteration systems. It is also used in Dutch but only in loanwords, mostly from French. Some examples are: enquête, fêteren, tête-à-tête.
Usage in various languages
Ê is not considered a separate letter in Afrikaans, but rather, as aforementioned, a variation of the letter "e".
In Dutch, the ê is also used, this has been taken over from the French language, it changes the pronunciation of e from /ə/ to /ɛ/.
In French, ê changes the pronunciation of e from /ə/ to /ɛ/. Diacritics are not usually considered to be letters of the French alphabet.
Ê is used to represent the /e/ and /ɛː/ sounds.
In Portuguese, ê is used for stressing and is pronounced /e/.
- Ề ề
- Ể ể
- Ễ ễ
- Ế ế
- Ệ ệ
Ê stands for the long sound of "e" (namely, /eː/) when that letter appears before "l", "n", and "r", and is also used to distinguish certain word pairs, e.g. gem (gem) and gêm (game).
Unicode character set contains 2 precomposed characters as Ế / ế, and Ề / ề, to represent the second and the fourth tone of ê. The first and the third tone of ê have to be represented by combining diacritical marks, like ê̄ (ê̄) and ê̌ (ê̌).
|Charset||Unicode||ISO 8859-1, 3, 9, 14, 15, 16|
|Majuscule Ê||U+00CA Ê latin capital letter e with circumflex (HTML:
|Minuscule ê||U+00EA ê latin small letter e with circumflex (HTML:
Letter E with diacritics
Letters using circumflex accent ( ◌̂ )